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35条非常实用的 find 命令

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    1. Find Files Using Name in Current Directory

    Find all the files whose name is tecmint.txt in a current working directory.

    # find . -name tecmint.txt

    ./tecmint.txt

    2. Find Files Under Home Directory

    Find all the files under /home directory with name tecmint.txt.

    # find /home -name tecmint.txt

    /home/tecmint.txt

    3. Find Files Using Name and Ignoring Case

    Find all the files whose name is tecmint.txt and contains both capital and small letters in /home directory.

    # find /home -iname tecmint.txt

    ./tecmint.txt
    ./Tecmint.txt

    4. Find Directories Using Name

    Find all directories whose name is Tecmint in / directory.

    # find / -type d -name Tecmint

    /Tecmint

    5. Find PHP Files Using Name

    Find all php files whose name is tecmint.php in a current working directory.

    # find . -type f -name tecmint.php

    ./tecmint.php

    6. Find all PHP Files in Directory

    Find all php files in a directory.

    # find . -type f -name “*.php”

    ./tecmint.php
    ./login.php
    ./index.php

    Part II – Find Files Based on their Permissions

    7. Find Files With 777 Permissions

    Find all the files whose permissions are 777.

    # find . -type f -perm 0777 -print

    8. Find Files Without 777 Permissions

    Find all the files without permission 777.

    # find / -type f ! -perm 777

    9. Find SGID Files with 644 Permissions

    Find all the SGID bit files whose permissions set to 644.

    # find / -perm 2644

    10. Find Sticky Bit Files with 551 Permissions

    Find all the Sticky Bit set files whose permission are 551.

    # find / -perm 1551

    11. Find SUID Files

    Find all SUID set files.

    # find / -perm /u=s

    12. Find SGID Files

    Find all SGID set files.

    # find / -perm /g+s

    13. Find Read Only Files

    Find all Read Only files.

    # find / -perm /u=r

    14. Find Executable Files

    Find all Executable files.

    # find / -perm /a=x

    15. Find Files with 777 Permissions and Chmod to 644

    Find all 777 permission files and use chmod command to set permissions to 644.

    # find / -type f -perm 0777 -print -exec chmod 644 {} \;

    16. Find Directories with 777 Permissions and Chmod to 755

    Find all 777 permission directories and use chmod command to set permissions to 755.

    # find / -type d -perm 777 -print -exec chmod 755 {} \;

    17. Find and remove single File

    To find a single file called tecmint.txt and remove it.

    # find . -type f -name “tecmint.txt” -exec rm -f {} \;

    18. Find and remove Multiple File

    To find and remove multiple files such as .mp3 or .txt, then use.

    # find . -type f -name “*.txt” -exec rm -f {} \;

    OR

    # find . -type f -name “*.mp3” -exec rm -f {} \;

    19. Find all Empty Files

    To file all empty files under certain path.

    # find /tmp -type f -empty

    20. Find all Empty Directories

    To file all empty directories under certain path.

    # find /tmp -type d -empty

    21. File all Hidden Files

    To find all hidden files, use below command.

    # find /tmp -type f -name “.*”

    Part III – Search Files Based On Owners and Groups

    22. Find Single File Based on User

    To find all or single file called tecmint.txt under / root directory of owner root.

    # find / -user root -name tecmint.txt

    23. Find all Files Based on User

    To find all files that belongs to user Tecmint under /home directory.

    # find /home -user tecmint

    24. Find all Files Based on Group

    To find all files that belongs to group Developer under /home directory.

    # find /home -group developer

    25. Find Particular Files of User

    To find all .txt files of user Tecmint under /home directory.

    # find /home -user tecmint -iname “*.txt”

    Part IV – Find Files and Directories Based on Date and Time

    26. Find Last 50 Days Modified Files

    To find all the files which are modified 50 days back.

    # find / -mtime 50

    27. Find Last 50 Days Accessed Files

    To find all the files which are accessed 50 days back.

    # find / -atime 50

    28. Find Last 50-100 Days Modified Files

    To find all the files which are modified more than 50 days back and less than 100 days.

    # find / -mtime +50 –mtime -100

    29. Find Changed Files in Last 1 Hour

    To find all the files which are changed in last 1 hour.

    # find / -cmin -60

    30. Find Modified Files in Last 1 Hour

    To find all the files which are modified in last 1 hour.

    # find / -mmin -60

    31. Find Accessed Files in Last 1 Hour

    To find all the files which are accessed in last 1 hour.

    # find / -amin -60

    Part V – Find Files and Directories Based on Size

    32. Find 50MB Files

    To find all 50MB files, use.

    # find / -size 50M

    33. Find Size between 50MB – 100MB

    To find all the files which are greater than 50MB and less than 100MB.

    # find / -size +50M -size -100M

    34. Find and Delete 100MB Files

    To find all 100MB files and delete them using one single command.

    # find / -size +100M -exec rm -rf {} \;

    35. Find Specific Files and Delete

    Find all .mp3 files with more than 10MB and delete them using one single command.

    # find / -type f -name *.mp3 -size +10M -exec rm {} \;

    That’s it, We are ending this post here, In our next article we will
    discuss more about other Linux commands in depth with practical
    examples. Let us know your opinions on this article using our comment
    section.

    
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